The Definition of Chorea:
An irregular, unpredictable, random, jerky,
movements that flow from one body part to another or a complete inability to sustain a steady body position. Athetosis is slower than chorea. It is acceptable to use the term "choreoathetosis".
List of Causes
Inherited Degenerative Diseases
Benign Familial Chorea
Toxins / Drugs
Birth Control Pill
Vascular Causes (Strokes)
Polycythemia (a disorder associated with too many red blood cells)
Hypertensive basal ganglia small strokes (Lacunes)
Vasculitis (inflamation of blood vessels (eg. Lupus)
Hyperthroidism (overactive thyroid)
Chorea Gravidarum (pregnancy induced chorea)
Chronic liver failure
Hypoglycemia (Low blood sugar)
Inherited Metabolic Diseases
Paroxysmal Kinesigenic Choreoathetosis (Episodic chorea induced by movement)
Paroxysmal Non-Kinesigenic Choreoathetosis (Episodic chorea not induced by movement)
Treatment needs to proceed with caution. Frequently treatment settles chorea but the functional status of the patient is worsened.
A variety of medications can be used to help
settle the movement disorder including; Tetrabenazine, Reserpine, Trilafon (perphenazine), other Neuroleptics, and Haldol.